Title: Experimental Study of Geoneutrinos with KamLAND

Sanshiro Enomoto, for the KamLAND Collaboration Research Center for Neutrino Science, Tohoku University

Abstract: The Kamioka liquid scintillator anti-neutrino detector (KamLAND), which consists of 1000 tones of ultra-pure liquid scintillator surrounded by 1879 photo-multiplier tubes (PMT), is the first detector sensitive enough to detect geoneutrinos. Earth models suggest that KamLAND observes geoneutrinos at a rate of 30 events/10^32-protons/year from the 238U decay chain, and 8 events/10^32-protons/year from the 232Th decay chain. With 7.0910^31 proton-years of detector exposure and detection efficiency of 0.6870.007, the 'rate-only' analysis gives geoneutrino candidates. Assuming a Th/U mass concentration ratio of 3.9, the 'rate + shape' analysis gives the 90 per cent confidence interval for the total number of geoneutrinos detected to be from 4.5 to 54.2. This result is consistent with predictions from the Earth models. The 99% C.L. upper limit is set at 1.4510^-31 events per target proton per year, which is 3.8 times higher than the central value of the model prediction that gives 16 TW of radiogenic heat production from 238U and 232Th. Although the present data have limited statistical power, they provide by direct means an upper limit for the Earth's radiogenic heat of U and Th.